Rosstat reported on the growth in the share of families who have enough money only on clothing and food
In the first quarter of 2019, the poverty rate in Russia increased to 14.3% against 13.9% for the same period last year. As found by the state statistics service, because of declining real incomes and rising food prices, the poverty line was 20.9 million Russians
Moscow-Live.ru / Tikhonov Mikhail
The share of Russian families whose income is enough only for food and clothing, grew up in 2019 to 49.4%. The increase was due to the reduction of the share of the poorest Russians, who only have enough money for food, to 14.1%. It is reported by RBC, citing data from Rosstat.
As follows from the data of Rosstat on the distribution of households by the assessment of the financial position for the first and second quarters of the current year, in 2019, the proportion of Russian families whose financial resources are only enough to buy food and clothes but not durable goods including computer, refrigerator, washing machine and furniture and so on.
In the first quarter of 2019 money for food and clothing enough to 49.2% of Russian families, which was 0.2 percentage points more than the corresponding figure of the previous year. In the second quarter, their share continued to grow and amounted to 49.4 per cent, which is 0.6 percentage points higher than a year earlier, and exceeds the result of the first quarter, So the share of Russian households, reported that they have no financial ability to purchase durable goods, and the money is only enough for food and clothing, is growing in the current year for two consecutive quarters in quarterly and annual terms.
Also, the proportion of households that can afford food, clothing, durable goods, but purchase of automobile, apartment or house is difficult. In the first quarter this indicator increased by 1.9 percentage points, to 31.7% and the second by 2 percentage points, to 32.6%. According to Rosstat, we are talking about positive tendencies: redistribution occurs at the expense of reducing the share of the poorest population groups and their transition into a group with higher incomes.
The category of households reporting that their income is fully spent on the purchase of food and clothing remains the largest. The highest proportion of respondents who are unable to afford durable consumer goods, — among the families consisting only from pensioners (58.8 per cent), large families (56,1%) and incomplete families (53.9 per cent).
In regional terms, the highest proportion of families who only have enough money for food and clothes, recorded in Ingushetia (78,8%) and Chuvash Republic (70.6 per cent), and also in Nenets Autonomous district (69,7%) and Krasnodar Krai (69,2%).
The share of Russian households, reported that their income is enough only for food and clothing, increased at the expense of reducing the share of the poorest categories of households. The proportion of respondents who reported that they have enough money only for food, but buying clothes and pay utility bills, cause problems, is steadily declining.
In the first quarter of 2019 15.2% of Russian households reported that their financial abilities to purchase only the products (in the first quarter of 2018, there were 16.7 per cent). In the second quarter of 2019, the share of such families fell to 14.1% as against 16.1% a year ago.
Most households reported that they have enough money only for food, but buying clothes is already difficult, located in the Altai Republic, in the second quarter of 2019 was 37%. In the second place, the Penza region, which is 31.6% indicated that their financial resources were sufficient only for buying food, the third — Kabardino-Balkaria 30.1%, the fourth — Ryazan oblast from 29.7%.
In the first quarter of 2019, the poverty rate in Russia increased to 14.3% against 13.9% for the same period last year. As found by the state statistics service, because of declining real incomes and rising food prices, the poverty line was 20.9 million of Russians, more than 14.3% of the total population, including infants and the elderly. For the year of the poor has become half a million people more.
Experts draw attention to the fact that in Russia there is a growth in real incomes: in the first quarter of 2019, real income of the population decreased by 2.5%, while in the second real income dropped by 0.2%. For the first half of incomes of Russians showed a decrease of 1.3% in annual terms. It is connected including with increase of VAT from 18% to 20% and high levels of food inflation, while pensions and salaries are tied to a lower official inflation rate. The role played by the growth of debt load of the population: people are forced to borrow, to somehow make ends meet, and to rectify the situation through new jobs with high salary government in no hurry. That the real work to reduce income inequality in the country is not conducted, they say, and Western scholars.