The dream of Medvedev on a reduced working week is divided about the reality of the business sees this as a pain and of little use
The press service of the Russian Government
Leading economists, including from the government, carefully assess this prospect, saying that it would be good to raise incomes, which are still only falling
The idea of switching to four-day work week, which is heavily promoting the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev, until he meets the widespread enthusiastic response. Leading economists, including from the government, carefully assess this prospect, saying that it would be good to raise incomes, which are still only fall. Medvedev himself is sure that for some jobs the transition to the four-day week could come «tomorrow», and, without loss of pay.
In the state Duma the Chairman of the ruling party, which holds a majority in the lower house, expected supported. The head of the faction «United Russia» in the state Duma Vice-speaker Sergei Neverov said that the reduction of the working week should not affect negatively neither the workers nor the effectiveness of their work, reports TASS. The state Duma is ready to discuss the issue in the near future with the participation of the government, trade unions and employers and the results of the discussion draft the bills, said the Chairman of the lower house of Parliament, Vyacheslav Volodin.
In his opinion, in the context of robotics and computerization, the amount of working time will change. «Advanced countries are already moving in this direction. One option is a gradual transition to a four-day working week. Another option is a smaller number of working hours every day,» said Volodin, stressing that the right of workers to «distance» also should be protected by law.
In turn, the Commissioner for human rights Tatyana Moskalkova said RIA «Novosti» that the reduction of the working week to four days in Russia can hardly be implemented without a special research.
Some Russian companies have already introduced four-day working week — but at the time, and forced. For example, «AVTOVAZ» in the period of 2016-2017 years of working a four-day schedule to maintain the number of personnel (about 43,000 people) on the background of decreased demand in the automotive market. Now on a four-day schedule may move a group of GAS if the situation in the market of commercial vehicles will deteriorate. Mode part-time work to avoid layoffs and ensure the stable utilization of production.
However, as shown by a joint study of the portal HeadHunter and Vedomosti, Russian companies are not eager to reduce the working week. A survey of 200 employers showed that only 12% consider changing to the four-day week in the next year or two, 8% in the long term. The vast majority of employers (76%) believe that, for the reduced week will have to reduce salaries and hire new people, and do not consider this option.
49% of employers do not consider it appropriate transition their company to a four-day working week. While 40% of the shallows this opportunity immediately, and 9% after the preliminary calculations. Overall, 42% of the opponents of the transfer of their companies to the four-day session indicate that it is fraught with overtime and burnout of employees. Many businesses will have to restructure shift patterns, to increase their number and to hire new staff: under the former payroll it will reduce the salaries of employees.
19% of employers believe the transition to working four days a week unconditionally suitable for their company. Of these, 51% of respondents see the main advantage of moving the reduction of burnout of employees, 37% — more efficient use of time, approximately one third — to improve the health of employees. Part of top managers believed that a more compressed working week could spur the employees and make them more focused.
The four-day week threatened to strike primarily for manufacturing and other industries where it is necessary to ensure continuity of the process, for example in medicine. To ensure the continuity of the production cycle, will have to hire additional employees, but because of the shortage of personnel will have to automate production in a short time. In addition, the ageing population new footage nowhere to take. And employees with low salaries, getting an extra day of rest, start looking for a part-time job on the weekend that will affect their productivity.
According to associate Professor of management and entrepreneurship the faculty of economic and social Sciences of Ranepa Eugene Isakova, policy a four-day working week under the guise of «flexible working» will reduce the competitiveness of most Russian companies, and will have serious negative consequences for the entire Russian economy, reports the RNS.
According to VTSIOM, almost half of Russians (48%) do not support the idea of switching to a four-day schedule, because they are afraid of falling incomes, which is critical especially for the poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population — pensioners and peasants. Proponents of reducing the working week, by contrast, expect a more productive use of freed time and thanks to him to improve the balance between work, leisure and personal life.
For a shorter working week were the Federation of independent trade unions of Russia (FNPR), noting that high-performance work in selected countries, industries and enterprises have already done a 35-hour working week a reality, and studies of the Fes and the research service HeadHunter showed that the reduction of the working week was in the top five most popular ideas to optimize labor laws.
Other experts called the proposal populism, so as to maintain wages at the current level required level of productivity. First Deputy Chairman of Bank of Russia Sergey Shvetsov said that to seriously discuss the introduction of a four-day working week in Russia will be years from 13-15. The Ministry said that working four days a week Russia can move only in a higher income population and a high level of productivity. Meanwhile, the incomes of Russians in the last time, only decrease and the number of poor is increasing.