In ancient times, the Tula earth was the abode of the Finno-Ugric tribes, and from the VII century Slavic tribes of Vyatichi (of their cities the first entry is dated XII century). How about the ancient city of Slavs-Vyatichi, for the first time about Tula said in the Nikon chronicle (1146 year), although there are earlier data on the settlements at the confluence of the river UPA river Tulitsa. By the way, this name was the name of the city. Mention of Tula includes negotiable certificate (1382) between the Ryazan Prince Oleg Ivanovich Prince of Moscow Dmitry Donskoy.
At the turn of XVI and XVII centuries Tula was one of the most important fortifications to the South of the Moscow state, and on the Tula lands, the Tula Abatis (borderline) and was located the fortress of the city. In the period from 1514 to 1520 in Tula built a stone Kremlin, and itself resulting in Tula became a fortress, defending the Russian land. In 1552 the Tula inhabitants could withstand a siege of a large army of Khan Devlet Giray, who tried to thwart the March on Kazan by Ivan the terrible. In 1605, Dmitry the Pretender lived in Tula, waiting for the fall of the capital. In 1606 the city was an uprising of the nobility against the serviceman Vasily Shuisky. In 1607, peasant rebels kept the defense from Imperial soldiers. And similar events in Tula was much.
In the XVI century Tula becoming a major hub of industry in 1595 it began to develop weaponry, the master of which became known far beyond the borders of the Tula land. In 1637 near the town, in the village Torhovo was built the first railway plants. In 1696 in the area around the mouth of Tulica was built Molotov workshops and two blast furnace — began the development of blacksmithing. 1712 was the year of the Foundation of the state arms factory.
We have had Tula and its inhabitants in the war of 1812. Gunsmiths made 600 thousand rifles for the Russian soldiers, in the province of Tula Tula formed a national militia, which participated in the hostilities, protecting their native land, and later took part in the campaign abroad. Also in the Crimean war of 1853-1855 years Tula was supplied with weapons of Russian soldiers.
Since the eighteenth century, the city is developing a different kind of start to produce samovars, harmonicas, ironmongery, gingerbread. By the XIX century in Tula operated many factories and industrial importance of the city becomes even more. In 1868 the territory of Tula was constructed line Moscow-Kursk railway, and a little later — and Syzran-Vyazma railway. The beginning of the XX century due to the emergence of new industrial enterprises.
In the civil war in Tula was the Arsenal of the red Army. During the Great Patriotic war in Tula region became a focus of Russian soldiers fighting with the forces of Nazi Germany. 33 regional district of 40 fully subjected to German occupation, 6 were partially occupied, and only one district (zaokskiy) was not occupied. Defense of Tula residents in the period from October to December 1941 went down in history of the second world war as a significant and bright event was covered by access to the capital with the southern part and destroyed the tanks of German General Guderian. More than 250 Tulyakov received the title of hero of the Soviet Union and about 170 thousand people received medals and orders. In 1976, Tula became the «hero City».
Size: 145,8 km2
Population: 482 873 people (2018)
Currency: Russian ruble
(the nearest airport in Kaluga, 110 km)
from Moscow — from 50 min.
from St. Petersburg — 1 hour 40 min.
Kazan is 8 hours 5 min. (1-4 transplant)
Yekaterinburg is 2 hours and 30 min.
from Novosibirsk — from 7 hours 50 min. (1-4 transplant)
Nowadays, the Tula has retained significant part of its historical heritage, considered the largest industrial and cultural center, and the center is actively developing tourism. All those wishing to visit the Tula we offer to get her situated to her closest of the cities of Moscow, Ryazan and Kaluga.
How to get
How to get to Tula from Moscow
The most convenient way to get to Tula from the capital is reachable by train/the train, bus or car.
On the train and the train to come to Tula from Moscow on any day of the week. The main thing — to buy a ticket for the right train. Trains between these cities abound, and among them there are both direct and transit.
- Trains and commuter trains № 6953, 6959, 6961, 6963, 7047 7049, 7051, 6969
- Transit train No. 081 M, 397А 121A, 115A, 001Ч, 247А, 737 M, 119В, 073Я, 003В, 739 M, 283Ч, 055Ч, 019Й, 110 M, 071В, 141Ч, 105Х, 603 M, 215Я, 203Ь, 229Ч, 229Ж, 629 M, 272ABOUT, 289В, 105G, 351Щ, 519 M and some other
The departures from the railway stations «Kurskaya» and «Kalanchevskaya» (metro station «Komsomolskaya» Square of three stations, Kursky train station). You can go in the morning, afternoon, evening and night. Tickets are sold at ticket offices of stations. Travel time can be from 2 to 4 hours, depending on the specific route of each train.
Buses of interest to us route depart every day, but from two different stations:
- From the metro station «Domodedovskaya» (departure starts at 7:30 a.m. to 21:30 PM with an interval from 40 to 60 minutes)
- From metro station «Dmitry Donskoy Boulevard» (departure starts from 7:00 a.m. to 21:00pm with intervals of 1 hour)
Tickets can be purchased at the offices of automotive and railway stations. The journey time is approximately 2.5 hours.
If you want to go to Tula from Moscow by car, then you need to move on the track «M-2». The distance between two points is 183 km At an average speed you will overcome it in 2.5 hours.
How to get to Tula from Ryazan
From Ryazan to Tula reach you in the same ways.
Direct trains between the cities don’t run — there is only a transit and you will need to change trains in Moscow. Trains depart from the railway station of Ryazan. You can go daily at any time of the day. Number of trains (in the brackets indicate the number of the train after the transplant): 104Ж/105Х, 104Ж/057В, 104Ж/071В, 104Ж/019Й, 104Ж/141Ч, 009Й/737 M, 009Й/119В, 071Ц/849 M, 071Ц/739 M, 071Ц/003В, 061С/737 M, 061С/001Ч, 102С/105Х, 102С/057В, 102С/071В, 102С/019Й, 102С/141Ч, 041Й/737 M, 041Й/119В, 041Й/001Ч. This list can be continued. To learn more about rooms and trains, you can relevant sites in the Internet or at the information Desk of the railway station of Ryazan. The transfer time can vary from 2 minutes to 5 hours, and the time is from 5 to 10 hours, depending on the route of the train. You can purchase tickets at the box office the train station.
All buses plying between Ryazan and Tula are straight. They are sent daily from the Central bus station of Ryazan in 7:00, 7:45, 13:35, 15:00 and 17:35. The journey time is approximately 5 hours. Tickets are sold at ticket offices of the bus station.
Fans travel by car to get to Tula from Ryazan it is necessary to go around the track «P-132». The distance between two points is 185 km, overcoming which will require about 3.5 hours.
How to get to Tula from Kaluga
Options to get to Tula from Kaluga similar to the previous one.
Trains on route «Kaluga-Tula», only two is train number 6914/6913 and train No. 6916/6915. Departures are from the train station: first train departs at 10:38 am on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, and the second at 17:39 PM on the same days of the week. Tickets can be purchased at the box office the train station. The travel time for each train is approximately 3 hours.
Buses in this area there are many more eleven. They leave daily from Kaluga bus station. Departure starts from 6:40 a.m. to 18:15 PM with an interval from 30 minutes to 1 hour. Ballets are sold in ticket offices of the bus station. Travel time can vary from 2.5 to 3 hours, depending on route.
For motorists the information is as follows: to travel from Kaluga to Tula, you need to go around the track «P-132» the distance between the cities is equal to 108 km. Road will take about 1.5 hours.
Climate and weather in Tula
Weather in Tula for months
by night, °C
Reviews by months
Transportation in Tula
To date, the Tula network of public transport is represented by buses, trolleybuses, trams and taxis. It’s also important to mention about each of them.
Buses, trolleybuses, trams and minibuses in Tula
Only Tula has eighteen bus routes, more than a dozen routes of trolley buses, about a dozen tram routes and more than thirty of the routes of minibuses. All modes of transport carry out passenger transportations on a city and the surrounding areas, so every person has the opportunity to comfortably and conveniently move between places of interest.
The fare in public transport of Tula is 20 rubles during the day and 25 rubles at night (from 23:00 to 5:00). Payment can be made by cash, using a transport card or transport universal electronic card and ticket costs 1500 rubles (for a month). To purchase a card or ticket at any point of sale of travel tickets. And again, for more convenient movement around the city, we recommend you purchase a guide with a description of the local routes and attractions. This can be done in stalls for the sale of printed products.
Taxi in Tula
Carrying passengers in Tula are also taxi companies, of which there were about thirty. An excellent example can serve such firms as «Alliance», «City», «Vista», «Caprice», «Empire», «Leader», «Maxim». If necessary, you can use one of the following rooms:
- Taxi «the Alliance» tel: 388-383
- Taxi «City»: tel. 333-334
- Taxi Vista: tel 25-30-30
- Taxi Kapriz, OOO: tel 33-44-33
- Taxi «Empire»: tel 31-6666
- Taxi «Leader»: tel 24-6666
- Taxi Maksim tel: 70-70-70
How to get paid on the basis of meter readings. The minimum amount of the trip is $ 100.
Photos Of Tula
What to see in Tula
Giving brief historical information on Tula, we noticed that, first, it is a city with a long history, and secondly, the city in which occurred many important historical events of different scale. It is easy to conclude that attractions and interesting places worthy of attention in the city a lot.
All of the attractions of Tula we will not list, but the overall picture yet, here a small list.
During your stay in Tula, visit:
- The manor of counts Bobrinsky
- Plato Park
- Tula «Licenco»
- The Square Of Communards
- House Belolipetskii
- Perovskuju school
- Good Pokrovsky monastery
- A new shopping arcade and gymnasium
- Arsenyevsky Transfiguration monastery
- The Tula Kremlin
- Necropolis Demidov
- Monument to the heroic defenders of Tula
- The Church Of The Twelve Holy Apostles
- The Krylov Museum and other places
If you value traveling, Russian culture, traditions and history, the time spent in Tula, will not be in vain and will bring you a lot of new bright impressions and positive emotions, but the journey itself will undoubtedly remember for a long time and will expand your horizons.
Where to go in Tula
Interesting places in Tula
Private guides in Tula
More details in Tula will help you to see Russian private guides.
The project Experts.Turister.Ru was 1 Russian guide in Tula.
Tula shopping — a phenomenon quite unique, because the city produces many types unparalleled products. But first I would like to say, of course, that all the shops and markets of Tula you can buy anything you want, ie all, what is the need for quality of life in comfort. Such products include food and beverages, footwear, clothing, building materials, electronics, appliances, home goods, sports, recreation and tourism, baby products, jewelry, jewelry, jewelry & accessories, music products, computers and office equipment, accessories for cars and many other products.
But all of these sophisticated traveler will not be surprised, therefore, attention should be paid on the goods and products of the Tula masters. Here particularly noteworthy are the following groups of goods.
Suvorov candy — healthy and tasty at the same time. They are produced in the eponymous candy factory. Mincemeat nuts, fruits and all kinds of jelly, natural syrups and juices. And thanks to the beautiful package of these sweets can become a first-class gift for both child and adult. Find Suvorovs candy in any candy store.
Belevsky candy — candy, made to a traditional recipe, without any artificial additives, synthetic ingredients and preservatives. Made only by hand using egg whites, sugar, apples, berries, nuts, spices and honey. This is a very delicious dessert that contains no calories and is beneficial for the body. You can find it where candy.
Tula gingerbread is one of the symbols of the city. And this is not surprising, as Tula gingerbread — one of the most delicious in the whole country. They can be of different shapes and sizes, have different toppings, for example, spices, raisins, nuts, or something else. As a rule, buying cakes guests of the city. A wide range they can be found in any specialty store.
Tula garmon — she can continue the conversation on the subject of tradition, as one of the first factories for the manufacture of accordion in Russia is located in Tula. The choice of harmony is very wide — you can find the tool for people of all ages and skill levels. Themselves of the accordion can be inlaid with natural stone or painted in lovely patterns. Accordion is sold in music stores.
The Tula weapon — can be an amazing gift. Made weapons professional masters, and the technology of manufacturing passed on from generation to generation. If you want to please a specific man, then be sure to visit gun shops, where you can choose the top-grade hunting knife or hunting gun.
Filimonovskaya Igrushka — reborn, you might say, from oblivion a memento. The manufacture of toys has in Tula almost a thousand years, and it is surprising that this art has not sunk into Oblivion. Elaborate toys are a reflection of the local life, the imagination of sculptors and artists. To find these exotic products is easy — just go to any gift shop.
Tula samovar — another symbol of Tula. Since ancient times the art of tea drinking in Russia was a real ritual, when bottling was done the hostess, the drink would pour, based on family hierarchy, and samovar was the personification of the hearth and well-being. The samovar you can also purchase Cutlery. Especially nice is such a gift to lovers of tradition. Samovars of all varieties are sold in souvenir shops.
I’d be remiss not to mention some of the places for shopping, popular Tulyakov and visitors. As an example, we can highlight only a few: shopping centers and stores «Gostiny Dvor» (street Soviet, 47), «Paradise» (Lenin prospect, 17), «Demidov» (street of Metallurgists, 62A), «proletarian» (street Stocks, 125A), «Iron» (street Demonstrations, 1G), «A» (Khalturin str., 6A), Margarita (street, 30), «Taurus» (Kominterna str., 24B), Tul «Arbat» (street Kaminsky, 6) and many others. Keep in mind also that near shopping malls, and everywhere around the city you can find open air and covered markets, is able to please their suggestions and range of any buyer.
Communication in Tula
In Tula, which is a pretty major city and industrial center, everyone is guaranteed a decent and uninterrupted landline and mobile telephony, as well as access to the world wide Web — the Internet.
Fixed telephone network in Tula
First and foremost, it is important to say that the telephone area code is a numeric combination: «4872», and local telephone numbers consist of six digits. Accordingly, in order to call the Tula, you’ll need to dial +7 (country code) — 4872 (city code) — a six-digit subscriber number. Will not be superfluous to note that all visitors to the city, as the locals have a great opportunity available in places with large concentrations of people (railway stations, shopping centers, etc.) of the payphones. Calls are made through the special telephone cards, which can be purchased in any post office or kiosks for the sale of publications.
Cell phones in Tula
The largest provider of mobile services in Tula is a company «Rostelecom». However, there are other operators is known throughout Russia, the company «Tele2», «Megaphone», «MTS» and «Beeline». Accordingly, everyone who came to Tula there is the opportunity to stay in touch with your family and loved ones: you can either purchase a SIM card already in Tula, and to use rates or continue to use a SIM card from their «native» operator. But in this case you should know what enters into force roaming. It all depends on what calls you will make more local or long distance. SIM cards are sold in post offices, sales offices of mobile companies and specialized kiosks.
Internet in Tula
The Internet connectivity in Tula the number of companies «Rostelecom», «Tele2», «Megaphone», «MTS», «Beeline», «Freshtel Tula», «SPARK», «Corbina Telecom», «SUMTEL», «Domolink», «House. EN».
To gain access to the Internet, you have several options: first is to hire the services of listed providers, and secondly, to use the mobile Internet claiming to be any mobile operator, and, third, to visit Internet cafes that for a fee allow you to connect to the Network. Besides, as in any modern city in Tula there are Wi-Fi zones are located in shopping malls, entertainment centers, restaurants, cafes, hotels, etc. to put it simply, on the Internet you should not worry — you will always be in touch with whomever you need.
According to statistics, in Tula there has been a gradual reduction in the crime rate, if we compare the figure with previous years. The city has become much less theft and robberies, vandalism, etc. However, to say that the crime in the city occurs, unfortunately not. But this should not be alarming, because crime today in any city in any country, and most of the crime is purely domestic in nature. The safety of tourists in Tula is not in danger, but vigilance is not to lose. To protect yourself from trouble, you should always be alert, have a sober mind and follow a few rules, namely:
- Try walking in the daytime and walking through darkness, stay-lit areas. Do not go into alleys and dark streets. If on the way encountered a noisy group or of the company of drunk people, if possible avoid them.
- If that’s not necessary, don’t carry large sums of money, valuables, documents and jewelry — storage, you can use the safe at the hotel or the hotel. Withdrawing cash at ATMs, pre-make sure not near suspicious people, no matter hanging around nearby, or watching the passers-by.
- Watch your circle of communication with persons of suspicious appearance, do not cause trust, it is better not to communicate. In the event of any conflict or situations that threaten your well-being, strive rather to retire from the epicenter of the incident.
- Know the measure in everything: do not abuse alcohol — they are often the cause of many troubles.
- When dealing with people show kindness and be polite. Not to mention that you are a guest in the city, and therefore should act like it. But attitude to the guests, Tulyakov mostly positive and friendly.
In addition, it is worth noting that the order in the streets and the well-being of the residents provide special law enforcement units. On the streets you can always meet police patrols and strong points, where you can always ask for help or advice. Keep this in mind and do not neglect the treatment to the police.
Where to stay in Tula
Company Booking.com offers for booking more than 220 hotels in Tula.
You can choose a hotel using a variety of filters: the star hotel, type of hotel (hotel, apartment, Villa, hostel, etc.), cost, location, scores of people visited the hotel, the presence of Wi-Fi and more. Go to service selection and reservation of the hotel in Tula.
Last booked hotels in Tula