Timisoara is a city with rich history and culture, historical centre of the region Banat. The Timisoara area is 130 square kilometers. In 2011 the population amounted to 303 thousand people. The town is close to the Hungarian border, which affected its history and architecture. For many buildings in the Baroque style, Timisoara, often called «little Vienna».
The name «Timisoara» took place, according to some reports, from the river Timis that flows 10 km from the city. Historians believe that earlier this water artery, the river runs near the settlement, and later the river changed its direction. The remaining part of the word «Timisoara» was used in the concept of «castle». Therefore, timişoara literally is a castle on the river Times. Name Temeswar-Josefstadt was used until the mid-nineteenth century until the city was part of Austria. The modern name appeared after this region became part of Romania.
The first mention of the city appeared in 1213, when he was inscribed in the official documents of the Hungarian king Andrew II. Living here the soldiers of the Roman Empire used the settlement as the citadel, located on the crossroads of several roads. But in the XIII century, after the invasion of Mongol troops, the town was completely destroyed. After some time, it houses the residence of the Hungarian monarch Karol Robert, who, according to historical records, the castle was built. In the XV century it was the court of the voivode of Transylvania, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary Janos Hunyadi, whose son later became Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus. The first in the whole Kingdom had its own emblem, which was painted a dragon.
In 1552, Timisoara was occupied by the Ottoman troops, which was led by Ahmed Pasha, vizier of Suleiman the Magnificent. Now the city is becoming more and more Muslim flavor. And next to the European buildings and Catholic churches were built mosques. In 1716, the Turkish dominance comes to an end when the famous commander of the Roman Empire Eugene of Savoy beats Timisoara and other cities of the Ottoman sultans. The next two centuries, these places were under the rule of the Habsburgs, who began to rebuild the stadium, giving the city a more European features. Now in architecture, the dominant style was Baroque. And in 1884 for the first time in Europe appeared with electric lighting.
In the early twentieth century Timisoara became a target of the Serbs, who decided to incorporate the territory into his Kingdom. But in 1919 the city is part of Romania, becoming the largest center of Banat. Timisoara, Romania became famous in the late XX century, when it began anti-government unrest. In 1989, the movement against the Communist party led to an uprising and overthrow the government of Nicolae Ceausescu. On the city walls as a reminder of those events hanging of the memorial plaque with the names of fallen members of revolutionary events.
Timişoara — a city where eighty percent of the buildings are historical monuments. There are many attractions, but built and modern shopping malls, theatres, and sports facilities.
Although Timisoara than one hundred years, he is considered very young. Because on its territory there are seven universities, and the number of students annually reaches 50 thousand people. And it shows by how many street meets young people. In 2016, took place the restoration of the old centre of Timisoara, was organized, many streets and squares. In a city with such a young audience there are many activities: festivals, concerts, performances. This contributes located here is the Opera house, as well as three national theatre: Hungarian, German, Romanian.
How to get
Near the city is Timisoara international airport Traian Vuia, which was named in honor of the Romanian aircraft designer. The airport is located 11 km from the city centre. The terminal opened in 1935, and its present appearance was acquired in 1960. Until 2008 it was a place for domestic flights only. And later the airport received international status.
Timisoara has flight connections with cities in Germany, Italy, Moldova and Ukraine. Connected to the airport and from different Romanian regions. In the terminal building there are comfortable waiting rooms, cafes and restaurants. To get from here to the city centre by bus number E4, and the train station there is a bus № E4B.
In Timisoara and is an important railway station, from which the city centre can be reached on foot in 20 minutes. The station building is not the newest, was built in socialist times. The facilities here are the most essential: ticket office, café, kiosk. The city has direct connections with many cities of Romania, with Bucharest, where trains go in two ways: through Sibiu or Craiova. Two night trains depart towards Cluj-Napoca, Iasi and Bucharest. Via Timisoara is and a lot of trains across the border to the East.
Bus service connects Timisoara in different cities of Romania and neighbouring countries. From some directions it is more convenient to get to nearby cities by plane or train, and from there to transfer to intercity bus to Timisoara. So, from Budapest here have to go three-and-a-half hours.
Roads in Romania are good, for traveling it is possible to rent a car.
Climate and weather in Timisoara
The climate of Timisoara belongs to temperate warm. Whole year enough rain. Most of them happen in June — approximately 78 mm. Arid is considered to be March, when rainfall drops to 37 mm.
The most frosty month in these areas Jan. The thermometer dropped to an average of -2 °C. Night temperatures can reach -4 °C, occasionally stopping at — 11°C. Spring comes with a gradual increase in temperature with an average of 5 °C in March, 10-11 °C in April and 16 °C in may.
Summer in Timisoara is warm enough. Hottest days are in July and August, when temperatures can range from 24 to 27 °C. Rainfall compared to June in these months is small. The first half of the autumn here is warm and dry, and only the middle of October starts to get cold. To zero the temperature drops in November, and in December begins to set permanent snow cover.
Urban transport Timisoara is represented by buses, trams and trolley buses plying on different routes. Although tourists do not deny yourself the pleasure to walk through the historic part of Timisoara’s foot, but it is useful to know the schedules of urban transport. The locals somehow prefer the tram. The city has 10 tram lines, which go to the modern transport model. There in the city and 20 bus lines and 8 trolleybus.
Coupons travel in all modes of transport into a single, one ticket will cost is 1.3 lei. Sold and pass a certain number of days, one week, two weeks, a month. Coupons to acquire special trip to the stalls, cigarette kiosks, vending machines at stations.
In Timisoara find several companies for the transportation of people. The price of the taxi depends on the cost of one kilometer. These details is usually indicated on the machine. If those are not available, it will have to negotiate with the driver. And in any case it is better to ask how much it will cost trip.
Interactive map of public transport routes to Timisoara.
Pictures Of Timisoara
What to see in Timisoara
Timisoara is a beautiful ancient city located near the border with Hungary. No wonder it is called the gateway to Europe. Only some historical monuments there are 14 thousand. The turbulent history of the city left the memo on his appearance. Here are intertwined many architectural styles such as Baroque, eclecticism, art Nouveau, art Nouveau. Each of the next rulers of Timisoara tried to bring to the city something of their own, building temples, palaces and houses.
The multinational character of the city manifested itself in various churches: there was built Orthodox and Catholic churches, Jewish synagogues and Muslim mosques. Cathedral of Three Saints today is a functioning Orthodox Church. This is the Church of the new time. Although its construction began in 1936, but the lighting took place only in 1946 due to the delay associated with the Second world war. But even as much as ten years continued the finishing work. In the Cathedral there is the main tower with a height of 83 m and a few small. In the basement of the Church a Museum of religious art of the Middle ages. It contains ancient manuscripts and ancient icons, and unique among the rare books is the New Testament from 1648.
The main square of Timisoara is a Victory squarewhere is the Cathedral of the Three Hierarchs. It was here in the city centre of revolutionary unrest began that led to the overthrow of the Communist dictatorship. The square is the monument of the Capitoline she-wolf, who plays a similar sculpture installed in Rome. On Victory square out the building of the Opera of the XIX century, no wonder this place is still called Opera square. Adorns the centre of many flower beds, a fountain and around the perimeter of a building in the Baroque style. In the eighties here were removed the tram line and the square turned into a pedestrian zone.
Roman Catholic Cathedral of Timisoara was built in honor of St. George. Its construction lasted from 1736 to 1774. And was an architect from Vienna Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach. The temple is built in the traditional for that time Baroque style. Plastic facades of the Church and emphasizes the expressive interior. In the Cathedral, an organ and an altar made of marble. The tradition of the old times in the Church are the graves of several bishops and prominent citizens of Timisoara.
In Timisoara is an extraordinary garden, which grows real million roses. Started a garden in the nineteenth century, its founder is William Mull, green offspring which were known abroad. In the XX century the Park was named Queen Mary, but later changed a few names. During the Second world war, the garden was destroyed, but later restored. And already in the sixties there was many varieties of roses that have been bred for local gardeners or imported from abroad. Today, the garden covers an area of one hectare, where it blooms every year more than 10 thousand rose bushes.
Near Timisoara in Hunedoara is one of the most iconic landmarks — the Hunyadi castle or Corvin Castle, built in the mid XV century. Inside the castle is quadrangular courtyard with corner towers. For several centuries the castle was the residence of many princes, who lived in Timisoara. And in the period of the Turkish occupation settled here by the Turkish Pasha. In the XIX century part of the castle is exposed to destruction. The restoration work was finished in 1856. And now the top part of the castle had the shape of a tower with rectangular teeth. Since 1974, opened for visitors as a Museum.
In XVII–XVIII centuries in Europe began to establish unusual statue or so-called Plague pillar. Between 1738 and 1739 year in Timisoara plague killed almost 10 thousand people or one-sixth of the urban population. In gratitude to God for the cessation of the epidemic of the urban community puts the monument. It was made in Vienna and shipped down the water. The statue is a tall pillar, around which are figures of saints, and upstairs you can see the Holy Trinity.
Where to go in Timisoara
Interesting sights in Timisoara
Timisoara is a great city. There are several major shopping centers and many small shops selling industrial goods and products. Shopping and entertainment is to go to one of the centers: Bega Shopping Center, Iulius Mall, or Shopping City Timisoara, where, along with boutiques and shops, there are cinemas, amusement parks, cafes. Here are sold various Souvenirs.
Selection of Souvenirs, mainly in the traditional for the whole of Romania. It is the product of Romanian craftsmen: ceramics, porcelain, wooden items, dolls in national costumes. There are many key chains and magnets with images of city landmarks, and, of course, with a vampire theme. Prices for Souvenirs in the city centre in the busy tourist routes are much more expensive. So you can look for Souvenirs at the bookstore or in the shopping center Bega, where when buying you can save considerably.
Food and drinks
Timisoara is the center of the historical region of Banat, which was divided between three countries: Serbia, Romania and Hungary. Therefore, the city’s many restaurants and cafes you can taste delicious traditional Banat cuisine. It has incorporated many recipes from the Austro-Hungarian, Greek, Italian and other European cuisines.
The main component of Banat cuisine is pork, it stewed, fried with vegetables, seasonings, basting sauces and seasoning various peppers and herbs. The inhabitants of Timisoara are very fond of goulash, which is prepared in every family. Here you can try the cabbage rolls for cooking the meat chopped with a cleaver. Therefore, many national dishes in the cafes and restaurants, though delicious and nutritious, but are not the most sophisticated look.
Romanian dishes can be sampled at the restaurants Casa Bunicii, Curtea Berarilor Casa cu Flori and others. Popular and Italian cuisine. In order to taste real pasta, risotto and minestrone restaurants worth a visit, La Strada, The Food Architects, La Pizza Napoletana and others. Pizza La Maria each week preparing for their guests with new treats. There are also delicious desserts. In Timisoara, there are many establishments where you can eat tasty and inexpensive. For example, LittleHanoiBistro offers Asian food, and Pescada cooks delicious dishes from marine life.
Should try the local beer, which is called Timisoreana and Ursus. It always happens in bars and pubs, working most of the night. The townspeople are proud of their coffee. Thus, the founder of the company producing and selling coffee Illi originally from Timisoara. Francesco Illy himself created the machine for making coffee.
Communication in Timisoara
Grimson — simkarty and innovative breakthrough in the world of communication. The uniqueness of Sims lies in its lack of belonging to a particular operator and, consequently, lower the cost of communication: Dimsim working in 197 countries and automatically connects to local operators.
No more need to look for the best roaming or buy a SIM card in each new country, as Dimsim ready for operation immediately after switching Your mobile phone from aviarium usual. In addition to smartphone universal SIM card adapted to tablets and routers.
To monitor and replenish the balance by using free mobile applications both in manual and in automatic mode.
No need to splurge on the service packages and monthly fee, as the money will be debited from the account only for the second conversation and the used megabytes.
Jimsim is a stable Internet access, cheap calls, transparent billing and rates, a little different from the local link cost. All this allows you to chat with friends, share photos, build trails, and learn a lot of useful information about the country without fear to spend all the money on roaming charges.
Where to stay in Timisoara
Timisoara offers its guests a choice of over a hundred hotels, Inns, guest houses and other places of residence. One of the most prestigious places is Villa Vitoria, which is located in a quiet area of Timisoara. For guests there are cozy rooms with modern furnishings, a pool and free fitness centre. The property offers a Spa, sauna, children’s Playground. Hotel Ambassador Hotel 3* is located almost in the historical centre of the city. Other facilities on-site facilities include a conference hall, a bar open around the clock and sports centre.
You can stay in one of the hostels placed in the center of Timisoara. Dream Hostel in Timisoara and Exit Routine Hostel are located in small houses. They have several rooms with a shared kitchen. Free Luggage storage and Ironing. Many of the apartments of Timisoara opened in separate apartments with one or more bedrooms. Bastion Apartament 5 Rezidence is located in a busy part of the city. Here can accommodate a small family of four people. The apartment has everything necessary for a comfortable stay.
Company Booking.com offers for booking more than 440 hotels in Timisoara.
You can choose a hotel using a variety of filters: the star hotel, type of hotel (hotel, apartment, Villa, hostel, etc.), cost, location, scores of people visited the hotel, the presence of Wi-Fi and more. Go to service selection and hotel booking in Timisoara.